Russia and Paris Agreement: What You Need to Know
The Paris Agreement, an international treaty on climate change, was signed by 195 countries in 2015. Its objective is to limit global warming by reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Russia, one of the largest emitters of carbon dioxide, signed the agreement in April 2016. However, its commitment to the accord has been questioned in recent years.
In 2019, Russia`s Ministry of Economic Development released a draft plan that projected an increase in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to 1990 levels. This contradicts the goals of the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels.
Furthermore, Russia has not yet ratified the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol, which sets the targets for emissions reductions for industrialized countries. The Kyoto Protocol is the predecessor to the Paris Agreement and was signed in 1997.
Russia`s stance on the Paris Agreement has been criticized by environmental groups and other countries. In 2019, at the United Nations Climate Action Summit, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that the country is committed to reducing emissions and combating climate change. However, he also emphasized the importance of economic growth and development.
The COVID-19 pandemic has also affected Russia`s emissions, with a decrease in industrial activity and transportation. However, this reduction is likely temporary, and long-term solutions and policies are needed to address climate change.
In summary, Russia signed the Paris Agreement in 2016, but its commitment to the accord has been questioned due to projected increases in emissions by 2030. The country has yet to ratify the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol, and its stance on climate change has been criticized by environmental groups and other countries. The COVID-19 pandemic has temporarily reduced emissions in Russia, but long-term solutions and policies are necessary to address climate change.